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IRTG Modern Inverse Problems (MIP)

EU Regional School Videos 2019 Part 2

10. April 2019 | von

Course 5 – Dr. David Ham – Automated Simulation from Equations to Computation with Firedrake

Creating simulations by numerically solving PDEs often requires large amounts of complex low-level code which is hard to write, hard to debug, and hard to change. It doesn’t need to be like that! In this tutorial we’ll present the Firedrake automated finite element system. Firedrake users write finite element problems mathematically using the Unified Form Language (UFL) embedded in Python. High performance parallel operator and residual assembly is automatically generated using advanced compiler technology. Firedrake integrates with the PETSc framework to provide a full suite of sophisticated linear and nonlinear solvers. In this hands-on Jupyter-based tutorial, you will have the chance to solve linear and nonlinear PDEs using Firedrake and try out some of its advanced features.

Course 7 – Prof. Dariusz Uciński Ph.D. – Optimum Experimental Design for Distributed Parameter System Identification

The impossibility of observing the states of distributed parameter systems over the entire spatial domain raises the question of where to locate measurement sensors so as to estimate the unknown system parameters as accurately as possible. Both researchers and practitioners do not doubt that making use of sensors placed in an ‘intelligent’ manner may lead to dramatic gains in the achievable accuracy of the parameter estimates, so efficient sensor location strategies are highly desirable. In turn, the complexity of the sensor location problem implies that there are few sensor placement methods which are readily applicable to practical situations. What is more, they are not well known among researchers. The aim of the minicourse is to give account of both classical and recent original work on optimal sensor placement strategies for parameter identification in dynamic distributed systems modeled by partial differential equations. The reported work constitutes an attempt to meet the needs created by practical applications, especially regarding environmental processes, through the development of new techniques and algorithms or adopting methods which have been successful in akin fields of optimal control and optimum experimental design. While planning, real-valued functions of the Fisher information matrix of parameters are primarily employed as the performance indices to be minimized with respect to the sensor positions. Particular emphasis is placed on determining the ‘best’ way to guide moving and scanning sensors, and making the solutions independent of the parameters to be identified. A couple of case studies regarding the design of air quality monitoring networks are adopted as an illustration aiming at showing the strength of the proposed approach in studying practical problems. The course will be complemented by a discussion of more advanced topics including the related problem of optimum input design and the Bayesian approach to deal with the ill-posedness of parameter estimation.

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